Coloring and painting is a less frequently interrogated role by anime fandom, but it is also one of the fields in the industry dominated by women. While formerly largely done by hand, the process is now typically done digitally after scanning the frames. The color designer works with the director to determine the color palette for the anime.
Animation character designers are tasked with taking the original character designs – often from mangaka, light novel, or doujin artists – and making a faithful design that’s also workable to animate on a tight production schedule. Rarely are the animation character designers and the original character designers the same person, even for original series. Additionally, it’s common for the animation character designers to also serve as the sakuga kantoku (作監), or chief animation supervisor. Continue reading “Female TV Anime Character Designers 2011-2016”
The Spring 2017 season has a couple of directors returning to their respective franchises, and a few fresh faces.
On March 11, there will be a screening in Ikebukuro of the four newest short films produced by the Young Animator Training Project, now called “Anime Tamago.” The project is was launched in 2010 and funded with support from the Agency of Cultural Affairs, part of the Japanese Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology. Since 2011, four short films have been produced each year by various studios, the most prominent of which is Little Witch Academia, now a full-fledged TV series. Another short, Death Billiards, also got its concept taken into a full TV series, Death Parade. However, the primary purpose of the project is to train animators. Continue reading “A Gender History of the Young Animator Training Project”
Previously, Female TV Anime Directors.
The series composer works with the director to structure the story of an anime. The composer will also write a significant number of episode scripts for the series – though occasionally they will script every episode themselves. Since 2011, the number of projects with female series composers has generally increased, with the bulk coming along with the trend in anime shorts.
Special thanks to ultimatemegax for reviewing and adding to my data for this subject.
Back in October, we took a look at the Fall 2013 season of anime to get a general idea of the gender inequality among enshutsu, or episode director, roles across the industry. In that season, across all companies, just 10 percent of episodes were directed by women. As one of many follow-ups to that project, we’re focusing on Kyoto Animation. Known for its earlier success with many popular series like Clannad and K-On!, and its modern business practice of being the primary financier of its many series, Kyoto Animation has also developed a reputation of having many women on its staff. At the series director level, Naoko Yamada has become a mainstay of the company. Hiroko Utsumi was tagged to direct the very popular Free! TV series. After leaving the company, Noriko Takao also became a series and movie director with her years of experience at the company. However, this project focuses on enshutsu, a level down from the series director role, but also a likely step for the many who could become a series director. If Kyoto animation is among the better animation companies for hiring women, then that should translate at the enshutsu level as well.
As an addendum to the previous post, and to really illustrate a point of how unusual 2013 was, here is a brief list of female director debuts, excluding assistant directors. Continue reading “Addendum: Female TV Director Debuts 2011-2016”